Here Are The New Maryland Solar Incentives


by Eric Lam - Published 1/2/2024


If you're a Maryland resident considering solar energy for your home or business, understanding the various incentives available to you is crucial.

Maryland offers a range of solar incentives designed to make transitioning to solar power more accessible and financially beneficial. In this article, we'll get into the different types of solar incentives available in Maryland, including state tax credits, property tax exemptions, grants and rebates, net metering, and federal tax credits.

Key Takeaways:

  • Maryland offers various solar incentives to encourage the use of renewable energy sources.
  • Solar incentives not only benefit the environment but also help reduce energy costs and increase the value of properties.
  • To qualify for solar incentives, one must meet certain criteria and follow the application process as per their residential or commercial status.

What Are Maryland Solar Incentives?

Maryland Solar Incentives refer to the various financial and other benefits provided to individuals and businesses in Maryland to promote the adoption of solar energy.

These incentives can take the form of tax credits, which allow individuals or businesses to subtract a portion of their solar investment from their taxes, or rebate programs that offer direct financial incentives for installing solar panels.

Maryland offers clean energy grants to support renewable energy projects, further encouraging the use of solar panels and systems. These incentives play a crucial role in making solar energy more accessible and affordable, ultimately contributing to a more sustainable and eco-friendly future for Maryland.

Why Are Solar Incentives Important?

Solar incentives are crucial for promoting renewable energy adoption, reducing energy costs, and contributing to environmental sustainability in Maryland.

By offering financial benefits such as tax credits, rebates, and performance-based incentives, solar incentives play a significant role in making the initial investment in solar panels more accessible to homeowners and businesses. These incentives help to alleviate the financial barriers that often deter individuals from transitioning to solar energy. Along with the financial benefits, solar incentives also contribute to lowering greenhouse gas emissions, reducing reliance on non-renewable energy sources, and fostering a more sustainable energy landscape for the future.

What Are The Different Types Of Solar Incentives In Maryland?

Maryland offers various types of solar incentives, including state and federal tax credits, property tax exemptions, sales tax exemptions, grants, rebates, net metering, and Solar Renewable Energy Certificates (SRECs).

State tax credits in Maryland can be as high as 30% of the total installed cost of the solar system, with a maximum cap. Federal tax credits can provide a 26% tax credit for systems installed through 2022. Property tax exemptions allow homeowners to exclude the added value of a solar energy system from their property taxes.

Solar energy systems also qualify for sales tax exemptions, effectively reducing the initial costs. Maryland Energy Administration offers grants and rebates for solar installations, making it more affordable for residents and businesses.

Net metering in Maryland allows solar system owners to receive credit for excess energy their systems produce, providing significant savings on utility bills. Solar Renewable Energy Certificates (SRECs) provide a financial incentive for generating solar power, allowing homeowners and businesses to sell the certificates for extra income.

State Tax Credits

State tax credits in Maryland, such as the Residential Clean Energy Grant Program and the Maryland Commercial Clean Energy Grant Program, provide financial incentives to homeowners and businesses for installing solar panels and systems.

The Residential Clean Energy Grant Program offers rebates and grants for residential solar projects, while the Maryland Commercial Clean Energy Grant Program provides financial incentives for commercial solar installations, making it more affordable and attractive for individuals and businesses to invest in renewable energy.

These programs aim to promote clean energy adoption and reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the state. To be eligible for these tax credits, individuals and businesses must meet specific criteria, such as using certified solar energy providers and complying with installation standards and regulations.

Property Tax Exemptions

Property tax exemptions in Maryland, such as the High-Performance Building Property Tax Credits available in counties like Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Harford, and Prince George's, offer relief to property owners who install solar panels or high-performance energy systems.

These counties provide property tax exemptions and credits to encourage sustainable practices and energy-efficient upgrades for property owners. For example, Anne Arundel County offers a High-Performance Building Property Tax Credit for properties that meet high-performance energy standards, providing a significant incentive for investment in renewable energy sources. Baltimore County also provides property tax credits for energy-efficient buildings, while Harford County's program aims to reduce energy consumption and promote environmental sustainability. Prince George's County offers tax credits for properties with solar or geothermal systems, fostering a green approach to property ownership.

Sales Tax Exemptions

Maryland provides sales tax exemptions for residential and commercial solar energy systems, reducing the upfront costs of purchasing and installing solar panels.

These exemptions can significantly lower the overall expenses associated with adopting solar power, making it more accessible to homeowners and businesses.

For residential properties, the exemption applies to the sales tax on the purchase of solar equipment and installation services.

In the case of commercial properties, the exemption extends to the purchase and installation of solar energy systems, offering substantial financial benefits that encourage the deployment of renewable energy solutions.

Grants and Rebates

Maryland offers grants and rebates through programs such as the Residential Clean Energy Grant Program and the Maryland Residential Clean Energy Rebate Program, which provide financial assistance to homeowners and businesses for solar panel installations.

These programs are part of Maryland's initiatives to promote clean energy and reduce dependence on traditional power sources.

The Residential Clean Energy Grant Program offers financial incentives to residential properties, including single-family homes, townhouses, and multi-family dwellings, that install solar energy systems.

On the other hand, the Maryland Residential Clean Energy Rebate Program provides rebates to homeowners who invest in eligible solar equipment, encouraging sustainable energy practices and reducing carbon footprints across the state.

Net Metering

Net metering in Maryland allows residential and commercial solar energy system owners to receive credit for the excess electricity they generate and provide to the grid, reducing their utility bills and promoting renewable energy generation.

This program enables individuals and businesses to offset their energy usage, making it more financially feasible to invest in solar power systems. By feeding surplus energy into the grid, participants contribute to the overall availability of clean energy, reducing the dependence on non-renewable sources. Through net metering, Maryland is supporting a more sustainable and environmentally-friendly energy landscape, while also enableing property owners to make a positive impact on their community's energy consumption.

Solar Renewable Energy Certificates (SRECs)

Solar Renewable Energy Certificates (SRECs) in Maryland serve as tradable credits for the renewable energy generated by solar panel owners, providing an additional source of revenue and financial incentive for residential and commercial solar energy system installations.

These certificates represent the environmental benefits of producing clean energy and are an essential component of incentivizing solar power generation. The SREC market in Maryland operates under a regulatory framework that mandates a certain percentage of electricity be derived from renewable sources, including solar. By owning and selling SRECs, solar system owners can offset the costs of their installations and even turn a profit, as utilities and other obligated parties purchase SRECs to meet their renewable energy obligations.

Federal Tax Credits

The federal Investment Tax Credit (ITC) provides a significant financial incentive for residential and commercial solar energy system installations in Maryland, allowing taxpayers to claim a percentage of the system's cost as a credit against federal income taxes.

This has led to a surge in solar energy adoption across the state, as the ITC has significantly reduced the upfront costs of installing solar panels for homeowners and businesses. The ITC offers a 26% tax credit for systems installed in 2020 and 2021, which will decrease to 22% in 2023, and then to 10% for commercial installations and 0% for residential installations thereafter. This highlights the urgency for potential adopters to take advantage of the higher credit percentages.

How Can You Qualify For These Incentives?

To qualify for Maryland solar incentives, individuals and businesses need to meet specific eligibility criteria related to the type of incentive they are applying for, such as residential or commercial installations, energy system specifications, and program requirements.

For residential installations, eligibility often involves having a primary residence in Maryland, ensuring that the solar energy system meets specific technical standards, and complying with any interconnection and permitting requirements.

Commercial installations may need to adhere to size and capacity restrictions, maintain compliance with local zoning regulations, and fulfill any utility-specific requirements.

Each incentive program, whether the Residential Clean Energy Grant or the Commercial Clean Energy Grant, has its own set of conditions related to project size, energy system specifications, and deadlines.

Residential Solar Incentives

Qualifying for residential solar incentives in Maryland, such as the Residential Clean Energy Grant Program and the Maryland Residential Clean Energy Rebate Program, requires meeting specific criteria related to homeowner eligibility, solar system installation, and local program guidelines.

Homeowners seeking to take advantage of residential solar incentives in Maryland must own and occupy the property where the solar system will be installed. The solar system must meet the installation specifications outlined by the relevant incentive programs, such as the size, technology, and efficiency requirements. It is crucial for homeowners to adhere to the local program guidelines, including obtaining necessary permits, working with approved contractors, and following the interconnection process with the utility company.

Commercial Solar Incentives

Commercial solar incentives in Maryland, such as the Maryland Commercial Clean Energy Grant Program, have specific eligibility criteria tailored for businesses, commercial properties, and solar energy system installations, which must be met to qualify for these incentives.

For businesses to qualify for commercial solar incentives in Maryland, they are generally required to have their primary operations located in the state. They must adhere to specific guidelines related to solar energy system installations as outlined by programs like the Maryland Commercial Clean Energy Grant Program. These guidelines often include the size and capacity of the solar energy system, as well as the use of approved equipment and installation practices that meet industry standards.

What Are The Steps To Apply For Solar Incentives?

Applying for solar incentives in Maryland involves several key steps, including determining eligibility, gathering required documentation, submitting applications to relevant agencies or programs, and complying with specific program guidelines.

Before starting the application process, individuals or organizations interested in solar incentives should carefully review the eligibility criteria for the specific incentive programs they are considering.

Once eligibility is confirmed, the next step is to gather all the required documentation, which typically includes proof of ownership or authorization to install solar panels, as well as information about the solar panel specifications and installation plans.

After compiling the necessary paperwork, applicants can then proceed with submitting their applications to the appropriate agencies or programs, ensuring that all required forms and supporting documents are included.

It is crucial to thoroughly review and adhere to the specific program guidelines to ensure compliance and improve the chances of approval.

What Are The Benefits Of Maryland Solar Incentives?

Maryland solar incentives offer multiple benefits, including lower energy bills, increased property value, and significant environmental advantages, contributing to a sustainable and cost-effective energy ecosystem.

The incentives not only provide financial savings through reduced electricity costs but also add value to properties by making them more attractive to eco-conscious buyers. By harnessing solar power, homeowners can decrease their carbon footprint, helping to mitigate the harmful impact of traditional energy sources on the environment. Embracing these incentives underscores Maryland's commitment to sustainable energy practices and the collective effort to combat climate change.

Lower Energy Bills

Maryland solar incentives result in lower energy bills for residential and commercial property owners, providing long-term cost savings and financial relief through reduced reliance on traditional grid power.

The implementation of solar incentives in Maryland has led to a significant reduction in energy costs for both residential and commercial property owners. By utilizing the strength of solar energy, individuals and businesses are able to minimize their reliance on the traditional grid power, leading to substantial savings on their monthly energy bills. This shift towards solar power not only contributes to environmental sustainability but also offers financial benefits through reduced grid power dependence. Check out this calculator to estimate your benefits.

Increased Property Value

Maryland solar incentives contribute to increased property value for residential and commercial properties, enhancing their market appeal and long-term investment potential due to the presence of solar energy systems.

The availability of solar incentives in Maryland has led to a surge in the installation of solar energy systems, which has significantly elevated the desirability and value of properties. For residential properties, homes equipped with solar panels not only reduce energy costs but also attract environmentally-conscious buyers seeking sustainable living options. Similarly, commercial properties benefit from the positive market perception of sustainability and reduced operational expenses, adding to their investment potential and overall value.

Environmental Benefits

Maryland solar incentives offer significant environmental benefits by promoting the adoption of clean energy, reducing carbon emissions, and contributing to a sustainable energy ecosystem for residential and commercial properties.

By providing financial incentives and rebates to homeowners and businesses, these programs encourage the installation and use of solar energy systems. This not only reduces reliance on non-renewable energy sources but also plays a vital role in combating climate change. The widespread implementation of solar power helps in creating a more sustainable energy mix and contributes to the overall efforts of achieving a greener and cleaner environment.


Q1: What are Maryland's key solar incentives for residents and businesses? A1: Maryland offers state tax credits, property tax exemptions, grants and rebates, net metering, and federal tax credits to encourage solar energy adoption.

Q2: Why are solar incentives important in Maryland? A2: Solar incentives reduce energy costs, increase property value, and support environmental sustainability, making solar power more accessible.

Q3: How do state tax credits in Maryland benefit solar panel users? A3: State tax credits, like the Residential Clean Energy Grant Program, offer financial incentives, reducing the cost of installing solar panels for homes and businesses.

Q4: What is the significance of net metering in Maryland's solar incentives? A4: Net metering allows solar system owners to receive credit for excess electricity generated, reducing utility bills and promoting renewable energy.

Q5: How can residents and businesses qualify for solar incentives in Maryland? A5: To qualify, individuals must meet criteria like owning the property, installing certified solar systems, and following local program guidelines.